Welcome to our one-stop guide to industrial safety helmets, important elements of personal protective equipment (PPE) designed to protect workers from potential head injuries in hazardous work environments. In this article, we'll look at the most important aspects of safety helmets, including their design, compliance, types, and best practices for use. Our mission is to equip you with in-depth knowledge so you can make informed decisions about choosing the most suitable safety helmets for your employees.
The importance of industrial safety helmets
Industrial safety helmets are of paramount importance in high-risk industries such as construction, mining, manufacturing, oil and gas, where head injuries can have serious consequences. These helmets serve as a critical protective mechanism against falling objects, impacts from stationary objects, and electrical shock. By providing a secure barrier between the head and potential hazards, safety helmets play a vital role in preventing traumatic brain injuries and deaths.
Key components of safety helmets
Safety helmets are designed to suit the application and consist of many components to ensure optimal protection and comfort:
- Outer shell: The outer shell, usually made of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) or polycarbonate, forms the helmet's first line of protection. It resists the penetration of sharp objects and distributes the impact force over a wider area.
- Suspension system: The harness system, also known as a harness, consists of straps and a holder that holds the helmet on the user's head. It provides a secure fit and acts as a shock absorber during impacts.
- Inner liner: The liner, usually made of expanded polystyrene (EPS), is an important component for shock absorption. It protects the head from sudden impacts, reducing the risk of injury.
- Chin strap: The chinstrap provides a secure fit to the helmet during a variety of movements and positions. It prevents the helmet from falling or dislodging during a crash.
Types of industrial safety helmets
- Type I helmets: These helmets provide protection from vertical blows to the head, making them ideal for industries where falling objects are a serious problem.
- Type II Helmets: Type II helmets provide additional protection on the sides of the head and are suitable for conditions with potential side impacts.
- Electrical insulating helmets: Designed to protect against electrical shock, these helmets feature non-conductive materials to prevent electrical shock.
- Protective caps: Safety helmets (caps) are lightweight helmets designed for low-risk work environments and provide minimal protection from minor impacts and scratches.
Safety Helmet Standards and Certifications
When choosing safety helmets for your workforce, it is critical to ensure they meet the required safety standards and certifications. General standards include:
- DSTU EN 397:2017: In Ukraine there are DSTUs: DSTU EN 397:2017 “Helmets for dry industrial purposes” (EN 397:2012 + A1:2012, IDT), such as Universal protective helmet STANDARD produced by PromSIZ, as well as Protective helmet TRIARMA INDUSTRY II with ventilation.
Correct use of a helmet and care of safety helmets
To maximize the effectiveness of safety helmets, it is important to follow the following best practices:
- Regular checks. Check regularly for cracks, dents or other signs of wear. Damaged hard hats and helmets should be replaced immediately.
- Correct fit: Make sure each worker's hard hat or helmet fits securely and comfortably. A proper fit will ensure that the helmet stays in place during a crash.
- Replacement period: Hard hats and safety helmets have a limited lifespan, so it is important to replace them according to the manufacturer's recommendations.
- Matching Accessories: Use only approved accessories such as visors and earmuffs that do not compromise the integrity of the helmet.
Industrial safety helmets are a key element in protecting workers from head injuries in hazardous workplaces. Understanding the key components, types and standards of compliance can enable employers to make informed decisions regarding the safety of their workers. By prioritizing employee well-being and investing in high-quality safety helmets, companies can create a safer work environment, reduce the risk of accidents and ensure productive, reliable operations.